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Environmental Change and GlobalizationDouble Exposures$
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Robin Leichenko and Karen O'Brien

Print publication date: 2008

Print ISBN-13: 9780195177329

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: September 2008

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195177329.001.0001

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Changing Contexts and Emerging Vulnerabilities

Changing Contexts and Emerging Vulnerabilities

(p.74) 6 Changing Contexts and Emerging Vulnerabilities
Environmental Change and Globalization

Robin M. Leichenko

Karen L. O'Brien

Oxford University Press

This chapter demonstrates how processes of global change are affecting vulnerability to all types of shocks and extreme events in urban areas. It first shows how both processes are altering biophysical, institutional and economic conditions in cities throughout the world. It then illustrates the pathway of context double exposure through a case study of Hurricane Katrina. In New Orleans — as in many other coastal urban areas in the world — global change processes, including the transformation of wetlands and river systems, changes in the structure of the economy; neoliberal policy shifts have made the city and many of its residents less resilient to all types of shocks. By showing how both global environmental change and globalization together affect vulnerability in an urban context, the chapter points toward actions and policy responses that may enhance the resilience of urban systems and urban residents.

Keywords:   shocks, stresses, extreme events, vulnerability, resilience, Hurricane Katrina, New Orleans, cities, urban areas, neoliberalism

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