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Teaching New Religious Movements$
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David G. Bromley

Print publication date: 2007

Print ISBN-13: 9780195177299

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: September 2007

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195177299.001.0001

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Gender in New Religions

Gender in New Religions

Chapter:
(p.211) Gender in New Religions
Source:
Teaching New Religious Movements
Author(s):

Sarah M. Pike

Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195177299.003.0010

New religious movements have typically emerged and thrived in times of social upheaval during which normative gender roles are challenged, such as in the United States during the industrializing mid-19th century and in the 1960s-1970s. New religions offer a range of roles for men and women that are shaped by a variety of different factors, including mythology, conceptions of deity, the role and teachings of the founder and leaders, and the demographic background of participants. Gender roles in NRMs include hierarchical models, role reversals, partnerships, and androgynous models. NRMs have typically experimented with alternative sex, marriage, and family structures, including celibacy, polygamy, and free love.

Keywords:   normative gender roles, conceptions of deity, hierarchical models, role reversals, partnership, androgynous models, celibacy, polygamy, free love

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