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Evangelical Christianity and Democracy in Africa$
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Terence O. Ranger

Print publication date: 2006

Print ISBN-13: 9780195174779

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: May 2008

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195174779.001.0001

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 Evangelicals, Muslims, and Democracy

 Evangelicals, Muslims, and Democracy

With Particular Reference to the Declaration of Sharia in Northern Nigeria

(p.37) 1 Evangelicals, Muslims, and Democracy
Evangelical Christianity and Democracy in Africa

Terence O. Ranger

Cyril Imo

Oxford University Press

This chapter discusses the evangelical attitude toward Muslim activism in a section of Nigeria that is predominantly Muslim — the north — and the confrontation of Christianity and Islam. The chapter is divided into five broad sections. The first section clarifies key terms for the Nigerian context. After that, the following section provides background on northern Nigeria, considering the relationship of Islam, Christianity, and politics. It also gives a brief history of Sharia in northern Nigeria and discusses the status of the Sharia in the national constitution and the penal code in the north. The next section analyzes the evangelical tradition, Sharia, and the political democratic traditions, particularly the nature of democracy in the Fourth Republic. This section also examines how evangelical traditions have affected the present democratic process in Nigeria, how the declaration of the Sharia has led to the development of evangelical theological innovations, and the implications of the full implementation of Sharia as a state religion for evangelicals in the north. The final section examines the prospects of the relationship between evangelicals and Muslims in northern Nigeria in the 21t century.

Keywords:   Muslim activism, Christianity, Islam, Sharia, democracy, Fourth Republic

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