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The Lost SelfPathologies of the Brain and Identity$
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Todd E. Feinberg and Julian Paul Keenan

Print publication date: 2005

Print ISBN-13: 9780195173413

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: January 2010

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195173413.001.0001

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The Self as a Problem in Philosophy and Neurobiology

The Self as a Problem in Philosophy and Neurobiology

Chapter:
(p.7) 2 The Self as a Problem in Philosophy and Neurobiology
Source:
The Lost Self
Author(s):

JOHN R. SEARLE

Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195173413.003.0002

This chapter considers what philosophers mean by the “self”. Traditionally, the problem of self in philosophy is generally viewed as the problem of personal identity. It identifies four criteria for deciding the question of personal identity: the identity of the body, the identity of the consciousness recorded in memory, the stability and continuity of personality, and the relative coherence of the spatio-temporal continuity of the physical body through change. It is argued that the human consciousness poses a particular problem for the understanding of the self. Considering self as a feature of a “unified conscious field” is the best approach to understanding its ontology.

Keywords:   self, philosophy, personal identity, physical body, consciousness, personality, spatio-temporal continuity

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