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Statistical Analysis of Epidemiologic Data$
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Steve Selvin

Print publication date: 2004

Print ISBN-13: 9780195172805

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: September 2009

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195172805.001.0001

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Measures Of Risk: Rates And Probabilities

Measures Of Risk: Rates And Probabilities

Statistical Analysis of Epidemiologic Data

Steve Selvin

Oxford University Press

This chapter discusses rates and probabilities in epidemiological analysis. A rate is defined as an instantaneous measure of change per unit time. A rate calculated from epidemiologic data reflects risk. A probability is another widely used measure of risk, distinct from a rate, but plays a similar role in epidemiologic analysis. Survival probabilities and hazard rates, statistical properties of probabilities calculated from mortality or disease data, and analysis of rates are discussed.

Keywords:   epidemiological research, statistical theory, rate, probability, smoothing, transforming, adjusting

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