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The Flawed ArchitectHenry Kissinger and American Foreign Policy$
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Jussi M. Hanhimaki

Print publication date: 2004

Print ISBN-13: 9780195172218

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: October 2011

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195172218.001.0001

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(p.116) 7 Breakthroughs
The Flawed Architect

Jussi Hanhimäki

Oxford University Press

Through Pakistani Ambassador Agha Hilaly, Zhou Enlai, the Chinese premier was able to send his message to Kissinger regarding his government's willingness to have a direct meeting or discussions with the United States. Thus, a breakthrough had arrived. All that remained was to decide on who would go and when. In this chapter, the author examines what prompted Kissinger's secret trip, codenamed Polo I, rather than an open one despite Zhou's April 27 message. It explores ideas about whether the secrecy of Kissinger's trip to China grew from a mixture of domestic political motives, international calculations, or personal ambition. Other breakthroughs discussed in this chapter are ping-pong diplomacy and the Soviets' decision to accelerate the détente process.

Keywords:   Agha Hilaly, Zhou Enlai, Kissinger, Polo I, ping-pong diplomacy, Soviets, détente

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