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Social Injustice and Public Health$
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Barry S. Levy and Victor W. Sidel

Print publication date: 2005

Print ISBN-13: 9780195171853

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: September 2009

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195171853.001.0001

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International Health

International Health

Social Injustice and Public Health

Barry S. Levy

Victor W. Sidel

Oxford University Press

The chapter describes how social injustice leads to profoundly increased rates of illness and premature death in developing countries and discusses both internal factors, such as poverty, discrimination, failure to protect human rights, and external factors, such as high external debt, trade barriers, export of hazardous substances from developed countries, inadequate financial and technical assistance from developed countries, the “brain drain,” the arms trade, and the high cost of drugs and vaccines needed to treat and prevent serious and widespread diseases. Boxes in the chapter address trafficking, hunger and malnutrition in developing countries, and the import of hazardous substances entering into developing countries. The chapter describes measures to address these problems, including promoting approaches that focus on the poor, promoting and protecting human rights and reducing discrimination, improving health care systems, improving education and health literacy, increasing foreign assistance, promoting representative government and reducing corruption, and promoting sustainable development.

Keywords:   poverty, trafficking, foreign assistance, external debt, globalization, epidemic and endemic diseases, hunger, malnutrition, environmental health, Millennium Development Goals

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