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Empirical MusicologyAims, Methods, Prospects$
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Eric Clarke and Nicholas Cook

Print publication date: 2004

Print ISBN-13: 9780195167498

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: May 2008

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195167498.001.0001

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Documenting the Musical Event: Observation, Participation, Representation

Documenting the Musical Event: Observation, Participation, Representation

Chapter:
(p.15) CHAPTER 2 Documenting the Musical Event: Observation, Participation, Representation
Source:
Empirical Musicology
Author(s):

Jonathan P. J. Stock

Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195167498.003.0002

This chapter reviews approaches to the empirical documentation of music as found in comparative musicology, folklore studies, and through the fifty-year history of ethnomusicology. Means of gathering and measuring research data are shown to be linked to available technology as well as to prevailing intellectual paradigms. The central part of the chapter focuses on empirical aspects of participant-observation, including the keeping of field notes, interviewing, photography, and audio- and video-recording. Good practice conventions for data preservation are explained and illustrated. The chapter's coda emphasizes the importance of ethics in research that documents the voices of live people.

Keywords:   documentation, ethnomusicology, participant-observation, ethics, folklore studies, field notes, interviewing, photography, audio-recording, video-recording

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