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The Vestibular SystemA Sixth Sense$
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Jay M. Goldberg, Victor J. Wilson, Kathleen E. Cullen, Dora E. Angelaki, Dianne M. Broussard, Jean Buttner-Ennever, Kikuro Fukushima, and Lloyd B. Minor

Print publication date: 2012

Print ISBN-13: 9780195167085

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: May 2012

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195167085.001.0001

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Cortical Representations of Vestibular Information

Cortical Representations of Vestibular Information

14 Cortical Representations of Vestibular Information
The Vestibular System

Jay M. Goldberg

Victor J. Wilson

Kathleen E. Cullen

Dora E. Angelaki

Dianne M. Broussard

Jean A. Büttner-Ennever

Kikuro Fukushima

Lloyd B. Minor

Oxford University Press

Vestibular information is indispensable for many cognitive functions required for behavior in three-dimensional space, such as perception of self-movement, spatial perception and memory, visual spatial constancy, visual object motion perception, and locomotor navigation. Many of these functions engage neocortical mechanisms. However, unlike most other senses, there is no primary cortical area devoted to the vestibular system. Specifically, no circumscribed cortical field exists where all cells respond to vestibular stimulation. Rather, vestibular responsiveness is found in many cortical areas, typically with convergent visual, somatosensory, or motor-related signals. While some of these areas are interconnected by cortico-cortical connections, there is scant evidence that they are hierarchically organized such as is the case of primary visual (striate) cortex and the several tiers of extrastriate areas. This chapter summarizes the properties of neurons in some vestibular-related areas that have been studied to date.

Keywords:   vestibular system, neurons, cortical areas, vestibular stimulation, visual cortex

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