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The Vestibular SystemA Sixth Sense$
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Jay M. Goldberg, Victor J. Wilson, Kathleen E. Cullen, Dora E. Angelaki, Dianne M. Broussard, Jean Buttner-Ennever, Kikuro Fukushima, and Lloyd B. Minor

Print publication date: 2012

Print ISBN-13: 9780195167085

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: May 2012

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195167085.001.0001

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Learning and Compensation in the Vestibular System

Learning and Compensation in the Vestibular System

Chapter:
13 Learning and Compensation in the Vestibular System (p.408)
Source:
The Vestibular System
Author(s):

Jay M. Goldberg

Victor J. Wilson

Kathleen E. Cullen

Dora E. Angelaki

Dianne M. Broussard

Jean A. Büttner-Ennever

Kikuro Fukushima

Lloyd B. Minor

Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195167085.003.0013

Neuronal systems must learn how to adapt to changes in their intrinsic structure or in the environment. The vestibular system is no exception. Several features have made it an attractive system in which to study the neurobiology of learning. These include the relatively simple circuitry of its reflex pathways and their close relation to the cerebellum, a major site of motor learning. This chapter discusses two examples of adaptive plasticity: motor learning involving the vestibulo-ocular reflex (VOR) and visual feedback; and compensation for the imbalance introduced by removal of the vestibular labyrinth or section of the vestibular nerve on one side.

Keywords:   neurobiology, motor learning, adaptive plasticity, vestibulo-ocular reflex, visual feedback, imbalance, vestibular damage

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