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The Digital Hand, Vol 1How Computers Changed the Work of American Manufacturing, Transportation, and Retail Industries$
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James W. Cortada

Print publication date: 2004

Print ISBN-13: 9780195165883

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: September 2007

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195165883.001.0001

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Patterns and Practices in Three Process Industries: Petroleum, Chemical, and Pharmaceuticals

Patterns and Practices in Three Process Industries: Petroleum, Chemical, and Pharmaceuticals

Chapter:
(p.161) 6 Patterns and Practices in Three Process Industries: Petroleum, Chemical, and Pharmaceuticals
Source:
The Digital Hand, Vol 1
Author(s):

James W. Cortada

Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195165883.003.0006

This chapter describes how computers came into the petroleum, chemical, and pharmaceutical process and manufacturing industries. It argues that computers fundamentally changed the nature of work in all three, making each “high tech,” and discusses how this came about. It also describes the extent of deployment and recent trends in each in the use of information technology.

Keywords:   process industries, manufacturing industries, petroleum industry, chemical industry, pharmaceutical industry, Computers in process industries, deployment, process applications

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