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Mind-Altering DrugsThe Science of Subjective Experience$
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Mitch Earleywine

Print publication date: 2005

Print ISBN-13: 9780195165319

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: April 2010

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195165319.001.0001

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Sex and Drugs

Sex and Drugs

Do Women Differ From Men in Their Subjective Response to Drugs of Abuse?

Chapter:
(p.183) 7 Sex and Drugs
Source:
Mind-Altering Drugs
Author(s):

Susan C. Han

Suzette M. Evans

Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195165319.003.0007

This chapter reviews studies of sex differences in drug abuse. There is increasing preclinical and clinical evidence that gonadal hormones play a role in the subjective effects, reinforcing effects, and other effects of abused drugs. Despite this growing evidence, most studies that include women ignore the menstrual cycle. Until more studies are conducted to provide sufficient evidence that the subjective effects of a particular drug do not vary across the menstrual cycle, studies comparing males and females need to control for menstrual cycle phase in a systematic fashion.

Keywords:   drug use, drug abuse, sex differences, menstrual cycle, women, subjective effects

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