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The Behavior of the Laboratory RatA Handbook with Tests$
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Ian Q. Whishaw and Bryan Kolb

Print publication date: 2004

Print ISBN-13: 9780195162851

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: May 2009

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195162851.001.0001

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Psychiatric Models

Psychiatric Models

Chapter:
(p.462) 43 Psychiatric Models
Source:
The Behavior of the Laboratory Rat
Author(s):

Henry Szechtman

David Eilam

Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195162851.003.0043

This chapter begins with a discussion of the conflicts associated with a rise of a biological psychiatry perspective on mental illness, suggesting that the current preeminence of this viewpoint has aligned clinical psychiatry with behavioral neuroscience for the source of much of its basic science knowledge. It then elaborates on the methods of behavioral neuroscience and shows how this methodology is in fact just what is needed to investigate mechanisms of mental disorders of interest to psychiatry. The chapter attempts to clear up some confusion revolving around the distinction between tests, models, and theories. Finally, it illustrates some of the discussed principles by examining a rat model of a psychiatric illness—obsessive-compulsive disorder.

Keywords:   biological psychiatry, mental illness, behavioral neuroscience, rat model, obsessive-compulsive disorder

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