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The Behavior of the Laboratory RatA Handbook with Tests$
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Ian Q. Whishaw and Bryan Kolb

Print publication date: 2004

Print ISBN-13: 9780195162851

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: May 2009

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195162851.001.0001

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Dead Reckoning

Dead Reckoning

Chapter:
(p.401) 38 Dead Reckoning
Source:
The Behavior of the Laboratory Rat
Author(s):

Douglas G. Wallace

Ian Q. Whishaw

Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195162851.003.0038

Rats may use at least two navigational strategies that aid in the recovery of resources and protection from predation: allothetic and idiothetic. Allothetic navigation involves the use of external cues (visual, auditory, or olfactory cues). Idiothetic navigation involves the use of uses cues generated by self-movement (proprioceptive and vestibular cues, sensory flow, or efferent copies of movement commands). A prominent form of idiothetic navigation is dead reckoning, in which a rat locates its present position in relation to a starting position, to which it can return. This chapter presents behavioral techniques used to investigate dead reckoning and describes a theoretical framework for dead reckoning.

Keywords:   laboratory rats, anti-predator behavior, idiothetic navigation, navigational strategies, predation, allothetic navigation

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