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Purity, Sacrifice, and the TempleSymbolism and Supersessionism in the Study of Ancient Judaism$
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Jonathan Klawans

Print publication date: 2005

Print ISBN-13: 9780195162639

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: January 2007

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195162639.001.0001

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Rethinking the Prophetic Critique

Rethinking the Prophetic Critique

(p.75) 3 Rethinking the Prophetic Critique
Purity, Sacrifice, and the Temple

Jonathan Klawans (Contributor Webpage)

Oxford University Press

This chapter reconsiders the biblical prophets’ attitude toward sacrifice, rejecting the radical contrast between priest and prophet as articulated by Max Weber, Wellhausen, and Kaufmann. It reviews various prophetic texts, including especially Amos, Jeremiah, and Ezekiel. It suggests that the prophets’ symbolic actions are analogous to rituals, and argues that the prophets’ ostensible rejection of sacrifice is based in part on their belief that many sacrifices were being offered by those whose property was unduly earned, being proceeds from the exploitation of the poor.

Keywords:   priests, prophecy, Jeremiah, Ezekiel, theft, poverty, Max Weber, Julius Wellhausen, Yehezkel Kaufmann

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