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The Missing Link in CognitionOrigins of self-reflective consciousness$
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Herbert S. Terrace and Janet Metcalfe

Print publication date: 2005

Print ISBN-13: 9780195161564

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: March 2012

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195161564.001.0001

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The Self and Other: A Missing Link in Comparative Social Cognition

The Self and Other: A Missing Link in Comparative Social Cognition

Chapter:
(p.321) 13 The Self and Other: A Missing Link in Comparative Social Cognition
Source:
The Missing Link in Cognition
Author(s):

Josep Call

Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195161564.003.0013

The chapter is an extension of Hampton's approach of asking a monkey to respond metacognitively. It focuses on confidence judgments, which in humans are typically made verbally. It describes an experiment on rhesus macaque monkeys. These monkeys were given the opportunity to express their confidence by placing bets on the accuracy of their tasks in a cognitive task. The subjects were required to respond on all trials, easy and hard. After each trial, subjects were required to select a high- or a low-confidence icon. Having shown that the subjects chose the high- and low-confidence icons appropriately, this chapter argues that the metacognitive ability of monkeys is similar to that observed in human subjects in experiments that use the confidence judgment paradigm. Judgment of learning asks how certain they are that they will be able to remember a recently learned item in the future.

Keywords:   confidence judgments, rhesus macaque monkeys, cognitive task, confidence judgment paradigm

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