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When Prisoners Come HomeParole and Prisoner Reentry$
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Joan Petersilia

Print publication date: 2009

Print ISBN-13: 9780195160864

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: May 2012

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195160864.001.0001

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The Changing Nature of Parole

The Changing Nature of Parole

Supervision and Services

Chapter:
(p.77) Four The Changing Nature of Parole
Source:
When Prisoners Come Home
Author(s):

Joan Petersilia

Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195160864.003.0004

This chapter describes parole supervision (as distinguished from parole release) as it is practiced today. The major criticisms of parole release (e.g., unwarranted discretion and ineffectiveness) have been leveled at parole field supervision and have caused major changes and reforms there as well. Parole officers, historically committed to providing counseling and brokering community resources to assist parolees, have become more surveillance oriented. The public's tough-on-crime stance has demanded it, and the practical considerations of high parole caseloads combined with scarce resources have left parole officers with few alternatives. Drug testing, house arrest, and electronic monitoring are now common parole supervision techniques. Such techniques seldom contribute to rehabilitation; they just help identify the failures more quickly.

Keywords:   parole release, parole supervision, unwarranted discretion, tough-on-crime stance, drug testing, house arrest

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