In this chapter, the question is posed, why does homophobic bullying or indeed any type of bullying exist? Does bullying, for example, represent a form of ‘power’ that has its origins in the competition for resources among individuals and groups? Is it dependent upon factors such as physical strength, size, ability or force of personality among individuals; or are the hierarchical structures within societies the cause where the numerical majority have the power to determine the conditions and limitations under which the numerical minority coexist? Furthermore, how is such ‘power’ socially and culturally defined? Who determines what is acceptable in terms of behaviour and, more particularly, what is not?
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