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Developmental Influences on Adult IntelligenceThe Seattle longitudinal study$
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K. Warner Schaie

Print publication date: 2005

Print ISBN-13: 9780195156737

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: September 2007

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195156737.001.0001

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Health and Maintenance of Intellectual Functioning

Health and Maintenance of Intellectual Functioning

Chapter:
(p.233) chapter ten Health and Maintenance of Intellectual Functioning
Source:
Developmental Influences on Adult Intelligence
Author(s):

K. Warner Schaie

Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195156737.003.0010

This chapter discusses the effects of health on the maintenance of intellectual functioning, the role of health behaviors, the effects of cognitive abilities as predictors of physical health, mortality, and medication use, as well as the role of perceptions of social support on health. A series of studies is described that relates the role of disease and intellectual functioning in the Seattle Longitudinal Study. The first study implicated cardiovascular disease as associated with earlier onset of decline of intellectual functioning. The second study, concerned with the structural relationship between disease processes and maintenance of intellectual functioning, also implicated cardiovascular and musculoskeletal conditions as leading to excess risk for cognitive decline.

Keywords:   Seattle Longitudinal Study, intellectual functioning, health, cognitive abilities, physical health, mortality, diseases, cognitive decline

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