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Building Strengths and SkillsA Collaborative Approach to Working with Clients$
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Jacqueline Corcoran

Print publication date: 2004

Print ISBN-13: 9780195154306

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: January 2009

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195154306.001.0001

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Motivational Interviewing

Motivational Interviewing

Chapter:
(p.19) 2 Motivational Interviewing
Source:
Building Strengths and Skills
Author(s):

JACQUELINE CORCORAN

Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195154306.003.0002

This chapter provides an overview of motivational interviewing, which is a client-centered and collaborative, yet directive approach for working with a person's intrinsic motivation to change. Originally formulated for the treatment of alcohol use disorders, motivational interviewing — a brief treatment model (one to four sessions) — has now been applied to many problem areas. Several guiding principles underlie the techniques of motivational interviewing: expressing empathy, developing discrepancy, rolling with resistance, supporting self-efficacy, and developing a change plan. These principles are enacted through the following techniques: listening reflectively/demonstrating empathy, eliciting self-motivational statements strategies to handle resistance, and enacting a decisional balance.

Keywords:   stages of change, motivation, ambivalence, resistance, decisional balance, treatment model

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