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The Navel of the DemonessTibetan Buddhism and Civil Religion in Highland Nepal$
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Charles Ramble

Print publication date: 2008

Print ISBN-13: 9780195154146

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: January 2008

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195154146.001.0001

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 The People of Mustang and Their History

 The People of Mustang and Their History

(p.23) 1 The People of Mustang and Their History
The Navel of the Demoness

Charles Ramble (Contributor Webpage)

Oxford University Press

The community of Te, the focus of this book, is located within the modern‐day Nepalese district of Mustang. The aim of this chapter is to situate Mustang within the historical and political context of Nepal. The fortunes of Mustang are traced from the creation of the kingdom of Lo (to which it corresponds in geographical extent) in the 15th century. Lo later became a vassal of the kingdom of Jumla, to the west, and its territory disintegrated into several autonomous enclaves. The rise of the Gorkhas in the 18th century resulted in the absorption of Lo/Mustang into the nascent state of Nepal. Under Nepal's Rana regime (1846–1951), Mustang was dominated by the Thakalis, whose monopoly of the salt trade brought them political and judicial privileges. Particular attention is given to the ethnically Tibetan enclave of Baragaon, and to the cluster of five villages called the Shöyul, where Te is located.

Keywords:   History, Nepal, Mustang, Lo, Te, Jumla, Gorkhas, Ranas, Thakalis, salt trade, Baragaon, Shöyul

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