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The Essential ChildOrigins of Essentialism in Everyday Thought$
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Susan A. Gelman

Print publication date: 2003

Print ISBN-13: 9780195154061

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: September 2007

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195154061.001.0001

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Conclusions to Part I

Conclusions to Part I

Chapter:
(p.137) Chapter 6 Conclusions to Part I
Source:
The Essential Child
Author(s):

Susan A. Gelman (Contributor Webpage)

Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195154061.003.0007

Children display evidence for two elements of essentialism: treating certain categories as richly structured kinds and assuming that some as-yet-undefined causal placeholder is responsible for the structure of such categories. This chapter examines four central issues: which categorical domains are essentialized; whether essentializing of living kinds is biological, on either a naive-biological or correct-biological construal; the role of statistical information in essentialist reasoning; and what individual essentialism is and how it compares to kind essentialism.

Keywords:   kind essentialism, children, child psychology, categories, reasoning, statistical information, individual essentialism

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