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The Science of False Memory$
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C. J. Brainerd and V. F. Reyna

Print publication date: 2005

Print ISBN-13: 9780195154054

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: January 2008

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195154054.001.0001

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Controlling False Memories with Opponent Processes

Controlling False Memories with Opponent Processes

(p.155) 5 Controlling False Memories with Opponent Processes
The Science of False Memory

C. J. Brainerd

V. F. Reyna

Oxford University Press

This chapter discusses false memory research in children. With children, it is not possible to make confident predictions using opponent-processes distinctions without making assumptions about ontogenetic trends in those processes. The assumptions supported by available research are discussed, followed by predictive control of the storage, retrieval, and forgetting stages of information processing. It is shown that age changes in verbatim memory and gist memory introduce an important new consideration into predictive control: developmental interactions. When a memory task is sensitive to underlying age variability, a manipulation that is known to have specific effects on the levels of false memory exhibited by adults or adolescents may have larger, smaller, or even opposite effects on the corresponding levels of false memory in children.

Keywords:   children, false memory, opponent-processes, verbatim memory, gist memory, developmental interactions

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