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Ways of ListeningAn Ecological Approach to the Perception of Musical Meaning$
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Eric F. Clarke

Print publication date: 2005

Print ISBN-13: 9780195151947

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: May 2008

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195151947.001.0001

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Autonomy/Heteronomy and Perceptual Style

Autonomy/Heteronomy and Perceptual Style

(p.126) 5 Autonomy/Heteronomy and Perceptual Style
Ways of Listening

Eric F. Clarke

Oxford University Press

This chapter starts by acknowledging that much of the discussion of music in the previous chapters has focused on music that has a strong and obvious link to materials outside music (texts, dramatic or narrative context, ideological allegiances), and considers whether and how the ecological approach can shed light on the so-called absolute and autonomous music of the Western canon. After a brief discussion of the concepts of autonomy and heteronomy, the chapter moves to a discussion of autonomy and ecology, and from there to a discussion of different listening styles. A number of different characterizations of listening are presented, including two typologies — by Theodor Adorno and Pierre Schaeffer. The chapter concludes with a consideration of the specific character of autonomous music and the particular kind of consciousness that it can afford.

Keywords:   structural listening, absolute music, consciousness, Theodor Adorno, Pierre Schaeffer

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