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The Nature of MelancholyFrom Aristotle to Kristeva$
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Jennifer Radden

Print publication date: 2002

Print ISBN-13: 9780195151657

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: October 2011

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195151657.001.0001

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Depressive States

Depressive States

Kraepelin

Chapter:
(p.259) 24 Depressive States
Source:
The Nature of Melancholy
Author(s):

Jennifer Radden

Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195151657.003.0025

This chapter presents Emil Kraepelin's discussion of melancholy. Kraepelin is widely acknowledged to be the most influential psychiatrist of his time, his lasting legacy being his system of classifying mental diseases. Kraepelin's clinical descriptions and classification of mental diseases were published first in a Compendium (1883) and later in a Short Textbook; 1893 saw the fourth edition, 1896 the fifth, and 1899 the sixth, now in two volumes. The seventh edition came out in 1903–4, and by the eighth edition (1909–15) and the posthumous ninth edition published in 1927, the work was printed as four separate volumes. The passages from the eighth edition of the textbook (1909–15), included here, reflect part of Kraepelin's unique contribution to psychiatric classification: the broad division between dementia praecox or what we would today call schizophrenia, on the one hand, and manic-depressive insanity, or what today would usually be called mood or affective disorder, on the other.

Keywords:   Emil Kraepelin, psychiatrists, mental diseases, melancholy, dementia praecox, manic-depressive insanity

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