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Silent VictoriesThe History and Practice of Public Health in Twentieth Century America$
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John W. Ward and Christian Warren

Print publication date: 2006

Print ISBN-13: 9780195150698

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: September 2009

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195150698.001.0001

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The First Surgeon General’s Report on Tobacco: Science and the State in the New Age of Chronic Disease

The First Surgeon General’s Report on Tobacco: Science and the State in the New Age of Chronic Disease

Chapter:
(p.437) 21 The First Surgeon General’s Report on Tobacco: Science and the State in the New Age of Chronic Disease
Source:
Silent Victories
Author(s):

Allan M. Brandt

Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195150698.003.21

The Surgeon General's Report of 1964 marks a watershed in the history of public health. Following its publication, both the science and the practice of public health were visibly transformed. This chapter traces the clinical and epidemiological progress in knowledge about smoking and health harm, and the institutional history of the Report. In establishing cigarette smoking as the preeminent public health issue of the second half of the 20th century, the federal government established new responsibilities and authority for science and health in the consumer culture. Surgeons General since have used the authority of their office to shape the policy context of subsequent tobacco regulation.

Keywords:   smoking, cigarettes, Luther Terry, Surgeon General's Report, lung cancer, heart disease, Tobacco Industry Research Committee, Leroy E. Burney, US Public Health Service, statistical association

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