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Health StatisticsShaping policy and practice to improve the population's health$
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Daniel J. Friedman, Edward L. Hunter, and R. Gibson Parrish

Print publication date: 2005

Print ISBN-13: 9780195149289

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: September 2009

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195149289.001.0001

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Defining Health Statistics and Their Scope

Defining Health Statistics and Their Scope

Chapter:
(p.3) Chapter 1 Defining Health Statistics and Their Scope
Source:
Health Statistics
Author(s):

R. Gibson Parrish II

Daniel J. Friedman

Edward L. Hunter

Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195149289.003.0001

This chapter provides a definition of health statistics, the purpose of health statistics, and an overview of their many uses. It describes the broad scope of health statistics and a model of population health to guide the health statistics enterprise in its goal of providing comprehensive, coherent, and useful data with which populations can create fundamental knowledge, guide their health policies, and implement and refine their health programs and other interventions to improve health. The model has three components: (1) the context or broad setting in which the population exists and acts; (2) factors acting at the community or individual level; and (3) measures of a population's health. The model positions a population's health as the central outcome variable. The health of a population is described by measures of disease, functional status, and well-being that reflect both the level and distribution of health in the population.

Keywords:   health policies, population health, public health, health programs, measures of disease

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