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Muslims in the WestFrom Sojourners to Citizens$
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Yvonne Yazbeck Haddad

Print publication date: 2002

Print ISBN-13: 9780195148053

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: October 2011

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195148053.001.0001

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From “People's Home” to “Multiculturalism”: Muslims in Sweden

From “People's Home” to “Multiculturalism”: Muslims in Sweden

(p.101) 6 From “People's Home” to “Multiculturalism”: Muslims in Sweden
Muslims in the West

Anne Sofie Roald

Oxford University Press

The number of Muslims in Sweden has increased dramatically. Immigration from Muslim countries to Sweden began just after World War II, when Turkish-speaking Tartars came from Finland and Estonia. The Tartars established the first Islamic congregation in 1948. In the beginning of the 1960s, the first wave of Muslim labor immigrants entered Sweden. It consisted mainly of young Turkish, Yugoslav, Albanian, and Pakistani men who came as industrial workers to contribute to the rapidly growing manufacturing businesses. With the legal restriction of labor immigration in 1967, this pattern changed to one of chain migration, with many young Muslim men marrying spouses from their homelands and remaining in Sweden. In the official debate about immigrants in contemporary Sweden, the Muslim immigrant has become the immigrant per definition. In this chapter, therefore, the discussion of immigrant policy and strategy to a great extent pertains particularly to the Muslim situation.

Keywords:   Muslims, Sweden, immigration, Tartars, labor, immigrants

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