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Muslims in the WestFrom Sojourners to Citizens$
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Yvonne Yazbeck Haddad

Print publication date: 2002

Print ISBN-13: 9780195148053

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: October 2011

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195148053.001.0001

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Interface between Community and State: U.S. Policy toward the Islamists

Interface between Community and State: U.S. Policy toward the Islamists

Chapter:
(p.205) 13 Interface between Community and State: U.S. Policy toward the Islamists
Source:
Muslims in the West
Author(s):

Mamoun Fandy

Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195148053.003.0014

United States policy toward Islamists cannot be seen in isolation. It is part of a larger US foreign policy in relation to the Middle East. In the past, the cornerstone of this policy was the need to protect the flow of oil from the Middle East at a reasonable price, to ensure the security of Israel, and to fight communism. US policy toward the Islamists abroad and the reaction to that policy shape Muslims' views in the West and about the West. As an overview of past and present US policy reveals, this classification system is used to “frame” policymakers' understanding of regional realities and to guide the prioritization and implementation of initiatives. American policy toward Islamists must thus be viewed in light of US interests in the region, the initiatives promoted to advance these interests, and the system of classification or “framing” used to determine and justify how initiatives are prioritized and applied.

Keywords:   foreign policy, Islamists, United States, Middle East, security, Israel, communism, Muslims

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