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Matter of MindA Neurologist's View of Brain-Behavior Relationships$
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Kenneth M. Heilman

Print publication date: 2002

Print ISBN-13: 9780195144901

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: May 2009

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195144901.001.0001

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Language

Chapter:
(p.11) CHAPTER 2 LANGUAGE
Source:
Matter of Mind
Author(s):

Kenneth M. Heilman

Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195144901.003.0002

This chapter discusses the brain mechanisms underlying the three categories of language disorders: speech disorders, reading disorders, and writing disorders. Speech disorders include loss of speech programs (Broca's aphasia), loss memory for word sounds (Wernicke's aphasia), dissociation of word sound memories and speech programs (conduction aphasia), and the inability to access memories for word sounds (anomic aphasia). Reading disorders include pure alexia, phonological dyslexia, lexical dyslexia, and semantic dyslexia. Language disorders include callosal agraphia, aphraxic agraphia, and semantic agraphia.

Keywords:   speech disorders, language disorders, reading disorders, aphasia, alexia, dyslexia, agraphia, speech fluency, comprehension, repetition, naming

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