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Altruism and Altruistic LoveScience, Philosophy, and Religion in Dialogue$
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Stephen G. Post, Lynn G. Underwood, Jeffrey P. Schloss, and William B. Hurlbut

Print publication date: 2002

Print ISBN-13: 9780195143584

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: March 2012

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195143584.001.0001

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Impairment of Interpersonal Social Behavior Caused by Acquired Brain Damage

Impairment of Interpersonal Social Behavior Caused by Acquired Brain Damage

(p.272) 16 Impairment of Interpersonal Social Behavior Caused by Acquired Brain Damage
Altruism and Altruistic Love

Hanna Damasio

Oxford University Press

This chapter describes the causes of the collection of symptoms seen in brain damage in a specific site, most frequently in the mesial and orbital sectors of the prefrontal cortices. Damage elsewhere in the brain does not cause any sort of syndrome. The Gambling Task is an experimental procedure involving a game of cards. The purpose of the game is to keep as much as possible of an amount of money loaned to the participant by the examiner. The importance of learning in the acquisition of adequate social behavior should not lead to the conclusion that the brain begins as a clean slate. Without certain sectors of the prefrontal cortex, empathy, along with other adaptive social behaviors, becomes impaired.

Keywords:   brain damage, syndrome, Gambling Task, patient, social behavior, prefrontal cortex

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