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Neighborhoods and Health$
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Ichiro Kawachi and Lisa F. Berkman

Print publication date: 2003

Print ISBN-13: 9780195138382

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: September 2009

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195138382.001.0001

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The Quantitative Assessment of Neighborhood Social Environments

The Quantitative Assessment of Neighborhood Social Environments

Chapter:
(p.112) 5 The Quantitative Assessment of Neighborhood Social Environments
Source:
Neighborhoods and Health
Author(s):

Stephen W. Raudenbush

Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195138382.003.0005

As interest in the social sciences and public health increasingly turns to the integration of individual, family, and neighborhood processes, a potential mismatch arises in the quality of measures. Standing behind individual measurement are decades of research, producing measures that often have excellent statistical properties. In contrast, much less is known about measures of ecological settings such as neighborhoods, and the methodology needed to evaluate these measures is in its infancy. This chapter aims to adapt tools from psychometrics to improve the quality of ecometric measures. An extension to the approach sketched in the chapter would take into account spatial autocorrelation. Neighborhood clusters have been treated as independent. Ongoing work will build spatial associations into the models presented here.

Keywords:   neighborhood research, health effects, public health, ecological settings, psychometrics, spatial autocorrelation

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