Most of the medical problems of musicians are the shared consequence of the specific instrument, performance technique, and repertoire interacting with the physical and psychological nature of the individual. The incidence of problems is greater for those instruments requiring more repetitious actions over a longer period of time and in all the risks that are increased by stress. Performing arts medicine has grown worldwide since the early 1980s. Among the goals for this new field are the development of criteria and standards for the practice and the teaching of performing arts medicine. In the meantime, those who are looking for information must keep in mind that performing arts medicine remains a discipline in the making; constructive criticism and questioning by practitioners, educators, and consumers are all necessary and appropriate. This chapter discusses specific medical conditions encountered by musicians and their diagnosis, treatment, and prevention.
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