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The Science & Psychology of Music PerformanceCreative Strategies for Teaching and Learning$
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Richard Parncutt and Gary McPherson

Print publication date: 2002

Print ISBN-13: 9780195138108

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: October 2011

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195138108.001.0001

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Wind Instruments

Wind Instruments

Chapter:
(p.318) (p.319) 20 Wind Instruments
Source:
The Science & Psychology of Music Performance
Author(s):

Leonardo Fuks

Heinz Fadle

Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195138108.003.0020

In mouth-blown wind instruments, the energy provided by the respiratory system is converted directly into sound. In all cases a primary vibrating element, generically called a reed, controls the airstream. The reed may be a piece of bamboo, the lips, a metallic tongue, or even the air jet (in flutes and recorders). Players control loudness, attack, intonation, and timbre by means of embouchure settings, blowing pressure, airflow, and length of the air column. The respiratory muscles perform complex and systematic movements, generating wide ranges of pressures, and coordinated oscillations that produce the vibrato effect. Intonation may be affected by the characteristics of the lung air. This chapter addresses the associated sensory, physiological, and acoustical phenomena. Common controversial or misleading concepts among wind players are discussed and some simple experiments are proposed for pedagogical applications.

Keywords:   reed, wind instruments, wind players

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