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Challenging Inequities in HealthFrom Ethics to Action$
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Timothy Evans, Margaret Whitehead, Finn Diderichsen, Abbas Bhuiya, and Meg Wirth

Print publication date: 2001

Print ISBN-13: 9780195137408

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: September 2009

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195137408.001.0001

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PRINTED FROM OXFORD SCHOLARSHIP ONLINE (www.oxfordscholarship.com). (c) Copyright Oxford University Press, 2019. All Rights Reserved. An individual user may print out a PDF of a single chapter of a monograph in OSO for personal use. date: 18 November 2019

United States: Social Inequality and the Burden of Poor Health

United States: Social Inequality and the Burden of Poor Health

Chapter:
(p.104) Chapter 9 United States: Social Inequality and the Burden of Poor Health
Source:
Challenging Inequities in Health
Author(s):

LAURA D. KUBZANSKY

NANCY KRIEGER

ICHIRO KAWACHI

BEVERLY ROCKHILL

GILLIAN K. STEEL

LISA F. BERKMAN

Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195137408.003.0009

The United States has the dubious distinction of ranking first among industrialized nations in inequalities in both income and wealth. It also manifests poorer health than many other developed nations and has experienced growing socioeconomic inequalities in health. This chapter draws attention to ways that inequality both shortens and impairs people's lives by focusing on premature mortality and functional disability. It measures health inequity as the disparity in these health outcomes across race/ethnicity, gender, and income group, as experienced in representative samples of the U.S. population. The results give a sense of both the relative unfairness and the burden of poor health in the United States. The chapter argues for the assessment of the full impact of disparities in health across the social gradient, not just on those at highest risk.

Keywords:   USA, social inequality, poor health, race, ethnicity, income

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