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Challenging Inequities in HealthFrom Ethics to Action$
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Timothy Evans, Margaret Whitehead, Finn Diderichsen, Abbas Bhuiya, and Meg Wirth

Print publication date: 2001

Print ISBN-13: 9780195137408

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: September 2009

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195137408.001.0001

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Russia: Socioeconomic Dimensions of the Gender Gap in Mortality

Russia: Socioeconomic Dimensions of the Gender Gap in Mortality

Chapter:
(p.138) Chapter 11 Russia: Socioeconomic Dimensions of the Gender Gap in Mortality
Source:
Challenging Inequities in Health
Author(s):

VLADIMIR M. SHKOLNIKOV

MARK G. FIELD

EVGUENIY M. ANDREEV

Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195137408.003.0011

Russia experienced a steep mortality increase after the collapse of the Soviet Union in 1991 and the liberalization of prices in 1992. The existing evidence suggests that the health crisis of the early 1990s can be related to certain socioeconomic and socio-psychological factors such as labor market shocks and stresses, growing income inequalities and relative deprivation, lack of law and order, and decline of social cohesion. One striking development, however, was that the mortality trends in Russia were comparatively worse for men than for women. By the mid-1990s, the gender gap in life expectancy at birth exceeded thirteen years and was at a level approximately double that of other industrialized countries, and four years greater than it was in Russia in the 1960s. This chapter provides an analysis of the socioeconomic dimensions of this gender gap to reveal underlying causes and consequences.

Keywords:   Russia, gender inequalities, mortality, trends, labor market shocks

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