This chapter examines the influence of lexical access on language comprehension and production and investigates how salience affects ambiguity resolution vis-a-vis contextual information. It explains that the Graded Salience Hypothesis assumes that salient information should always be activated regardless of any contextual information to the contrary. This assumption is based on the observation that though a predictive context may avail appropriate information speedily, it cannot obstruct access to salient information even when inappropriate because contextual and lexical processes do not interact initially but run in parallel.
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