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Drinking, Conduct Disorder, and Social ChangeNavajo Experiences$
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Stephen J. Kunitz and Jerrold E. Levy

Print publication date: 2000

Print ISBN-13: 9780195136159

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: September 2009

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195136159.001.0001

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Alcohol Dependence: Definition, Prevalence, and Risk Factors

Alcohol Dependence: Definition, Prevalence, and Risk Factors

Drinking, Conduct Disorder, and Social Change

Stephen J. Kunitz

K. Ruben Gabriel

Jerrold E. Levy

Oxford University Press

This chapter considers the definition and prevalence of alcohol dependence, and some possible risk factors. Several risk factors that have been said to cause alcohol dependence, such as type of school attended and the experience of relocation and migration, are shown not to be associated. On the other hand, some significant risk factors have been identified, among them conduct disorder and physical abuse before age fifteen years. The results also support the suggestion that alcohol dependence is a somewhat different phenomenon for most men than for most women. For men, the more pervasive drinking is in the environment, the greater the risk of becoming alcohol dependent. For women, the risk factors seem to be associated primarily with family dynamics.

Keywords:   risk factors, alcohol dependence, school, alcohol use, physical abuse, conduct disorder, family dynamics

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