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Principles of Frontal Lobe Function$
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Donald T. Stuss and Robert T. Knight

Print publication date: 2002

Print ISBN-13: 9780195134971

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: May 2009

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195134971.001.0001

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Emotion, Decision Making, and the Ventromedial Prefrontal Cortex

Emotion, Decision Making, and the Ventromedial Prefrontal Cortex

(p.338) 22 Emotion, Decision Making, and the Ventromedial Prefrontal Cortex
Principles of Frontal Lobe Function

Daniel Tranel

Oxford University Press

This chapter discusses the role of the orbital prefrontal cortex in behavior, with emphasis on the involvement of the ventromedial prefrontal (VMPF) lobe in emotions and decision making. It focuses on three aspects: (1) the development and application of a laboratory task to measure decision making and related emotional influences; (2) the development of a set of rating scales aimed at characterizing the personality attributes of patients with acquired VMPF dysfunction and decision-making impairments; and (3) studies conducted in patients who have sustained damage to VMPF cortices very early in life, and who manifested lifelong social conduct and decision-making deficits. The main features of the somatic marker framework are summarized.

Keywords:   prefrontal cortex, behavior, emotions, personality, decision-making impairment, somatic marker

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