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A Working Life for People with Severe Mental Illness$
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Deborah R. Becker and Robert E. Drake

Print publication date: 2003

Print ISBN-13: 9780195131215

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: January 2009

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195131215.001.0001

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Research on IPS

Research on IPS

(p.25) 5 Research on IPS
A Working Life for People with Severe Mental Illness

Deborah R. Becker

Robert E. Drake

Oxford University Press

This chapter reviews several aspects of the research on IPS supported employment, including vocational outcomes, non-vocational outcomes, costs and economic impacts, and future directions. Two types of vocational outcome studies are described. First, traditional rehabilitative treatment programs or sheltered workshops were converted to IPS. In these studies, clients had higher employment rates than when in rehabilitative day treatment or sheltered workshops, highlighting greater work potential than previously believed. Second, IPS was compared experimentally with other vocational programs in multiple studies and with diverse populations. Significantly more people worked in IPS than in the comparison programs. Preliminary research has shown a weak relationship between IPS and non-vocational outcomes. More research is needed to understand aspects of IPS supported employment. For example, what is the long-term course of jobs and of careers in relation to IPS?

Keywords:   research, day treatment conversions, randomized controlled trials, non-vocational outcomes, cost studies, long-term studies

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