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A Working Life for People with Severe Mental Illness$
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Deborah R. Becker and Robert E. Drake

Print publication date: 2003

Print ISBN-13: 9780195131215

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: January 2009

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195131215.001.0001

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Conceptual, Historical, and Ideological Underpinnings of Supported Employment

Conceptual, Historical, and Ideological Underpinnings of Supported Employment

Chapter:
(p.6) 2 Conceptual, Historical, and Ideological Underpinnings of Supported Employment
Source:
A Working Life for People with Severe Mental Illness
Author(s):

Deborah R. Becker

Robert E. Drake

Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195131215.003.0002

Supported employment was developed during the advent of the consumer and family movements and more positive treatment approaches. The consumer movement pushed for a stronger voice in shaping service delivery and taking responsibility for directing one’s own life. Psychiatric rehabilitation promoted skills development directed toward independent community living and supports provided as needed. Choice was a fundamental component of recovery. Forerunners, Wehman and Moon, described the place-train approach as the foundation to supported employment. The Rehabilitation Act Amendment of 1986 codified supported employment into law. IPS standardizes supported employment for people with severe mental illness by combining information on services and outcomes from research studies.

Keywords:   recovery, consumer movement, strengths model, psychiatric rehabilitation, shared decision making, place-train, collaborative empiricism

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