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Genetics and Public Health in the 21st CenturyUsing Genetic Information to Improve Health and Prevent Disease$
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Muin J. Khoury, Wylie Burke, and Elizabeth Thomson

Print publication date: 2000

Print ISBN-13: 9780195128307

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: September 2009

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195128307.001.0001

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Delivery of genetic services in developing countries

Delivery of genetic services in developing countries

(p.301) 17 Delivery of genetic services in developing countries
Genetics and Public Health in the 21st Century

Victor B. Penchaszadeh

Oxford University Press

This chapter discusses the priorities and organization of genetic services in the developing world against the background of the realities of underdevelopment. To define goals for genetic services in developing nations, efforts must be made to improve knowledge of the impact of genetic disorders in the community. Epidemiological research should be stimulated to provide better data on the prevalence and types of birth defects, genetic diseases, and genetic predispositions to common diseases at the country level. Issues of population structure (i.e., consanguinity, founder effects, cultural and geographic isolation) must be studied to assess their influence on geographical clusters of genetic diseases. The health beliefs, traditions, and social expectations of communities should also be assessed properly before setting program goals.

Keywords:   developing countries, genetic services, underdevelopment, public health, birth defects

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