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The Divine Office in the Latin Middle AgesMethodology and Source Studies, Regional Developments, Hagiography$
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Rebecca A. Baltzer and Margot E. Fassler

Print publication date: 2000

Print ISBN-13: 9780195124538

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: May 2008

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195124538.001.0001

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From Office to Mass

From Office to Mass

The Antiphons of Vespers and Lauds and the Antiphons before the Gospel in Northern France

Chapter:
(p.300) 13 From Office to Mass
Source:
The Divine Office in the Latin Middle Ages
Author(s):

Anne Walters Robertson

Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195124538.003.0014

In at least five churches in northern France (Amiens, Bayeux, Chartres, St.-Corneille, and St.-Denis), an antiphon was sung before the Gospel in the celebration of the Mass. This practice seems to have originated in the 13th century. A few additional churches occasionally used other chants or even polyphonic music at this point in the liturgy. Questions addressed include the origins of this practice, where it was cultivated, and how we might interpret it. This musical custom may have been connected with features of Gothic architecture, including the building of the jubé, or choir screen. The melodies were often borrowed from the office, most notably from the magnificat antiphon for second vespers, and so created a musical interrelationship between the Mass liturgy and the office.

Keywords:   canticle and Gospel, cathedral architecture, Chartres, St. Denis, Gothic architecture, vespers, Amiens, jubé, Bayeux, Gospel processions

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