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America’s Competitive SecretWomen Managers$
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Judy B. Rosener

Print publication date: 1998

Print ISBN-13: 9780195119145

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: October 2011

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195119145.001.0001

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The Underutilization of Women

The Underutilization of Women

Chapter:
(p.45) 3 The Underutilization of Women
Source:
America’s Competitive Secret
Author(s):

Judy B. Rosener

Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195119145.003.0003

Across various organizations, professional women often experience the feeling of being underutilized or devalued. The survey that the author conducted revealed how underutilization was an issue that has yet to receive as much attention as it should, since this term refers to the occurrence of untapped human resources. The underutilization of women, as defined by the author, refers to how women are not able to make the most of their existing and potential talents and skills for the reason that they are women. Taking on the issue of measuring the degree of underutilization is difficult because such cannot easily be quantified. In this chapter, certain measures are introduced as means of measuring the underutilization of women: underemployment and unemployment rates, underrepresentation proportions, occupational segregation, and comparing the pay received by male employees to that received by female employees.

Keywords:   underutilization, underemployment, unemployment, occupational segregation, underrepresentation, relative pay

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