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Extreme Fear, Shyness, and Social Phobia$
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Louis A. Schmidt and Jay Schulkin

Print publication date: 1999

Print ISBN-13: 9780195118872

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: March 2012

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195118872.001.0001

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Commentary on Part III Developmental Outcomes and Clinical Perspectives

Commentary on Part III Developmental Outcomes and Clinical Perspectives

Chapter:
(p.294) Commentary on Part III Developmental Outcomes and Clinical Perspectives
Source:
Extreme Fear, Shyness, and Social Phobia
Author(s):

Lynne Henderson

Philip G. Zimbardo

Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195118872.003.0016

This chapter addresses the treatment of social phobia and compares and contrasts it with the treatment of panic disorder. It also reports the most current methods for treating shyness and anxiety-related problems in children and adults. Although most studies so far have not determined corticotropin-releasing factor (CRF) and hypothalamic-pituitary-adrenocortical (HPA) axis abnormalities in social phobia, results from animal studies and from human studies of fear and behavioral inhibition indicate that more work is important to clarify the functioning of this system. In general, the data on treatment of social phobia and panic disorder indicates similarities and differences between the two disorders. Both social phobia and panic disorder have been shown to be responsive to several classes of medications. However tricyclic antidepressants are highly effective for panic but disappointing for social phobia.

Keywords:   fear, shyness, social phobia, children, adult, panic disorder, behavioral inhibition, trycyclic antidepressants, anxiety

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