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Extreme Fear, Shyness, and Social Phobia$
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Louis A. Schmidt and Jay Schulkin

Print publication date: 1999

Print ISBN-13: 9780195118872

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: March 2012

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195118872.001.0001

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Varieties of Shyness in Adolescence and Adulthood

Varieties of Shyness in Adolescence and Adulthood

Chapter:
(p.224) 11 Varieties of Shyness in Adolescence and Adulthood
Source:
Extreme Fear, Shyness, and Social Phobia
Author(s):

Jonathan M. Cheek

Elena N. Krasnoperova

Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195118872.003.0013

This chapter offers data and a model that may shed light on the developmental course of shyness and social inhibition. It describes the various psychological literatures to explore the short and long-term effects of three constructs commonly used to describe social reticence (behavioral inhibition, social isolation, and shyness) and their relationship to social phobia. It begins with a conceptualization of shyness. There is evidence for stability of behavioral inhibition over time, even though the associations are only moderate. In addition, correlates of behavioral inhibition include theoretically related constructs and disorders such as shyness, specific fears, separation anxiety, and social isolation. It is noted that there is much overlap in behavioral inhibition and social phobia, as well as some differences. However, it is likely that at least some of the children in these various categories suffer from the same condition, and the model proposes one heuristic conceptualization of the relationships among these constructs.

Keywords:   shyness, social inhibition, behavioral inhibition, social isolation, social phobia, separation anxiety, fears, social reticence

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