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Extreme Fear, Shyness, and Social Phobia$
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Louis A. Schmidt and Jay Schulkin

Print publication date: 1999

Print ISBN-13: 9780195118872

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: March 2012

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195118872.001.0001

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The Natural Course of Shyness and Related Syndromes

The Natural Course of Shyness and Related Syndromes

(p.203) 10 The Natural Course of Shyness and Related Syndromes
Extreme Fear, Shyness, and Social Phobia

Deborah C. Beidel

Samuel M. Turner

Oxford University Press

This chapter explores the influences of hormones on brain development and how these effects have implications for understanding the development of both shyness and disease. It reviews studies of hormone action that illuminate these principles and illustrate the rapidly increasing understanding of the lifelong interactions between genes and environment as they affect the progression toward disease. The data presented display some of the new information indicating that the brain is a plastic and ever-changing organ of the body and is very much influenced by life experiences. It appears very likely that the condition of extreme fear and shyness offers to a lifelong pattern of allostatic load and that structural and functional correlates will be found to exist in the brains of those individuals who are extremely shy and fearful.

Keywords:   hormones, brain development, shyness, fear, disease, health

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