Jump to ContentJump to Main Navigation
Work and Pay in the United States and Japan$
Users without a subscription are not able to see the full content.

Clair Brown, Michael Reich, Lloyd Ulman, and Yoshifumi Nakata

Print publication date: 1998

Print ISBN-13: 9780195115215

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: October 2011

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195115215.001.0001

Show Summary Details
Page of

PRINTED FROM OXFORD SCHOLARSHIP ONLINE (www.oxfordscholarship.com). (c) Copyright Oxford University Press, 2019. All Rights Reserved. An individual user may print out a PDF of a single chapter of a monograph in OSO for personal use. date: 08 December 2019

National Wage Determination in Japan

National Wage Determination in Japan

Chapter:
(p.158) 6 National Wage Determination in Japan
Source:
Work and Pay in the United States and Japan
Author(s):

Clair Brown

Yoshifumi Nakata

Michael Reich

Lloyd Ulman

Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195115215.003.0006

This chapter analyzes how Shunto—Japan's Annual Spring Labor Offensive—has transformed from a wage-boosting mechanism in the high-growth period of the 1960s and early 1970s into an engine of restraint since the mid-1970s. It illustrates that as a response to the demise of industry-wide bargaining during the 1940s and to the weakness of enterprise-based unions, militant union leaders introduced a system of coordinated bargaining across firms and industries on an economy-wide basis. Shunto was at first intended to redress the power imbalance and advance real wages to Western levels as rapidly as possible. However, after a violent wage explosion in the wake of the 1973 oil crisis threatened the economy with inflation, unemployment, and a loss of international competitiveness, a transformation of the system occurred and it was used to restrain wage movements below productivity growth, assuring the international competitiveness of the export sector.

Keywords:   Shunto, Labor Offensive, enterprise-based unions, union leaders, wage explosion, oil crisis, wage movements

Oxford Scholarship Online requires a subscription or purchase to access the full text of books within the service. Public users can however freely search the site and view the abstracts and keywords for each book and chapter.

Please, subscribe or login to access full text content.

If you think you should have access to this title, please contact your librarian.

To troubleshoot, please check our FAQs , and if you can't find the answer there, please contact us .