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Saddam's WordThe Political Discourse in Iraq$
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Ofra Bengio

Print publication date: 1998

Print ISBN-13: 9780195114393

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: October 2011

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195114393.001.0001

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The Shiʿis: Loyalty to the Community or the State?

The Shiʿis: Loyalty to the Community or the State?

(p.98) 7 The Shiʿis: Loyalty to the Community or the State?
Saddam's Word

Ofra Bengio

Oxford University Press

The Shiʿis issues is discussed in this chapter. A study of their attitude towards either Iraqi or Arab nationalism is a difficult undertaking. The Shiʿis of Iraq was a silent majority. Sometimes even verbalizing the word Shiʿi is avoided. Taʿifiyya which means sectarianism in English is also looked at here, wherein racism comes into the picture. Furthermore, another derogatory name for the Shiʿis is introduced, this word is shuʿubiyya. Another term used after Taʿiffiyya and shuʿubiyya was iqlimmiyya. The three words were termed as the enemies of unity.

Keywords:   nationalism, sectarianism, racism, Shiʿis, enemies, unity

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