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Naming the AntichristThe History of an American Obsession$
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Robert C. Fuller

Print publication date: 1997

Print ISBN-13: 9780195109795

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: October 2011

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195109795.001.0001

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The Battle Against Modernism

The Battle Against Modernism

(p.108) Four The Battle Against Modernism
Naming the Antichrist

Robert C. Fuller

Oxford University Press

This chapter takes up the growth of pre-millennial thought in the fundamentalist movement of the 20th century. By the late 1800s, modernism had hit full stride. Rapid advances in the natural sciences, the emergence of the social sciences such as psychology and sociology, and the startling discoveries of biblical scholarship combined to create a new intellectual climate that fostered secular humanism. Many conservative Christians, however, were quick to recognize the work of the Prince of Apostasy in these seductive teachings. By 1920, a new coalition of pre-millennial Protestants emerged with a fully articulated and biblically based chronology for the end times. Known as fundamentalists, they were called upon to do “battle royal” for Christ in his urgent quest to eradicate the modernist, secularist, and humanistic forms in which the Antichrist proudly paraded across American intellectual life. What distinguishes fundamentalism from mainline Protestant denominations is its opposition to the 20th century's principal intellectual trends.

Keywords:   Antichrist, modernism, humanism, Christians, Protestants, fundamentalism, Christ, Prince of Apostasy, natural sciences, social sciences

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